Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov was the twelfth World Chess Champion and is known for one of the purest positional styles in chess history. Anatoly Karpov was born on May 23, 1951 in Zlatoust, in the Urals region of the former Soviet Union. He learned chess at the age of four. By age 11 was a Candidate Master and the following year Karpov would be admitted into former World Champion Mikhail Botvinnik's chess school. Karpov flourished under the training of great Soviet masters. In 1966 Karpov become the youngest ever Soviet National Master in history at the age of fifteen(tying a mark held by World Champion Boris Spassky) would.
Karpov began his rapid ascent in the international chess scene. In 1969 he would win the World Junior Championship. The following year in 1970 he would earn the title of International Grandmaster. Karpov would then win the 1971 Alekhine Memorial tournament that featured some of the world's strongest grandmasters. In 1973 he would finish second in the Soviet Championships and first, along with Victor Korchnoi in the Interzonal tournament. This victory qualified Karpov for the Candidates match of 1974. The young Karpov surprised many by defeating former World Champion Boris Spassky in the semifinals and then beating heavily favored Victor Korchnoi. With this Victory Karpov had secured his chance to play Bobby Fischer for the World Chess Championship, or so he thought.
Just 23 years old and seemingly peeking at the right time, many believed Karpov posed a serious threat to Bobby Fischer's crown. Fischer was the most celebrated champion of all time, and to say the match was highly anticipated would be an understatement. The chess world was saddened when negotiations between Fisher and FIDE fell through. FIDE would not satisfy Fischer's demands and thus forfeited his World title. Anatoly Karpov would become the first and only person to win the World title without playing a single game. Over the next ten years Karpov would prove he was worthy of being called World Champion. He competed in almost all of the strongest international chess tournaments, dominating most of them. He would also defend his title twice both times against Victor Korchnoi in 1978 and again in 1981.
Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov
May 23, 1951
In 1984 Karpov faced a new, younger opponent who had exploded onto the chess scene, Gary Kasparov. The World Championship Match of 1984 would become a controversial war of attrition. After dozens of draws, Karpov would take a commanding lead of 5 to 0. As the match grinded on, Karpov seemed to tire and the younger Kasparov fought back to even the score 5 to 3. With both men showing signs of exhaustion from the grueling match, FIDE president, Florencio Campomanes, abruptly ended the match. He cited that the players' health were at risk due to the extreme length of the match. The two greats would once again play for the title in 1985, with Kasparov eventually winning a close match by a score of 13 to 11. After essentially replacing Bobby Fischer as the world's most dominant chess player and holding the world title for a entire decade, Karpov's reign as world champ was over.
Karpov would challenge Kasparov several times for the title, but would never again regain the unified crown. Each time Karpov and Kasparov played it would prove to be an epic battle, but Kasparov somehow would always manage to edge out Karpov. Kasparov proved to be Karpov's nemesis. Karpov's first rematch was in 1986, Kasparov would narrowly defend his title 12 ½ to 11 ½ . Once again the two played in 1987 with Kasparov again barely holding on to the title in a 12 to 12 tie. Kasparov vs. Karpov would become possibly the greatest rivalry in chess history. Both players had contrasting styles and personalities, yet were very evenly matched. Each defined the others career. The two would play once more in 1990, once again the result would be 12 ½ to 11 ½ in favor of Kasparov.
Much like his idol Capablanca, Karpov's style can best be described as positional. He was a master of exploiting the tiniest weakness in his opponent's position. He was sometimes referred to as the "boa constrictor", because he would gradually grind-out and "squeeze" his opponents. One of Karpov's finest moments was in the Linares Tournament of 1994, possibly the strongest chess tournament ever assembled featuring the likes of: Gary Kasparov, Vladimir Kramnik, Vishy Anand, Boris Gelfand and Judit Polgar. Karpov finished undefeated with 11 of 13 points, 2 ½ points ahead of Kasparov.
The 1990's brought financially and politically motivated changes to the chess world championship . In 1993 Gary Kasparov and FIDE could not agree to terms and Kasparov split from FIDE. Kasparov would play British GM Nigel Short in the PCA World Championship. Meanwhile, Karpov would defeat Jan Timman for the FIDE World Chess Championship , but most still considered Kasprarov to be the real champion. Karpov would remain FIDE champion until 1999, when he himself would split from FIDE in protest to FIDE changing the world championship format. Since the year 2000 Karpov has played much less frequently, but is still regarded as one of the game's best. Amazingly, he has been relevant in the chess world for 40 years.
Some famous Anatoly Karpov quotes:
"Chess is everything: art, science, and sport."
"Pawns not only create a sketch for the whole painting, they are also the soil, the foundation of any position."
"I agree with the opinion expressed by many commentators that in the art of delicate strategic maneuvering Gary Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov have no equals" – David Bronstein
The London Variation
The second volume of the Complete Guide to the Queen's Pawn Opening is devoted to the London Variation and openings named in honor of Zukertort, Torre, Colle and others.
Complete Guide to the Queen's Pawn Opening - Vol 2
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The Veresov, Blackmar-Diemer Gambit, Levitsky Variation and Other Set-Ups
The first volume of the Complete Guide to the Queen's Pawn Opening gives a detailed high quality analysis of the Veresov Opening, the Blackmar-Diemer Gambit, the Levitsky Variation and other set-ups.
Complete Guide to the Queen's Pawn Opening - Vol 1
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46 Title Fights - From Steinitz to Carlsen
German chess journalist Andre Schulz tells the stories and the history of the World Chess Championship fights in fascinating detail: the historical and social backgrounds, the prize money and the rules, the seconds and other helpers, and the psychological wars on and off the board.
The Big Book of World Chess Championships
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In the Cold War, One Battle Made History
In a gripping true story set during the height of the Cold War, American chess prodigy Bobby Fischer (Tobey Maguire) finds himself caught between two superpowers when he challenges the Soviet Empire. Also starring Liev Schreiber and Peter Sarsgaard, PAWN SACRIFICE chronicles Fischer's terrifying struggles with genius and madness, and the rise and fall of a kid from Brooklyn who captured the imagination of the world.
On this DVD, a team of experts looks closely at the secrets of World Champion Karpov’s games. In more than 7 hours of video, the authors examine four essential aspects of Karpov’s superb play. Niclas Huschenbeth takes a look at Karpov’s openings. Our tactics expert Oliver Reeh tests your skills with interactive exercises, challenging you to find Karpov’s brilliant moves. Mihail Marin sees in Karpov’s play great similarities to Magnus Carlsen: by the time the opponent understands what is happening, it is already too late. For endgame expert Dr. Karsten Müller, Anatoly Karpov is “a living legend”. For him, Karpov has “an incredible feeling for the coordination and harmony of his pieces”, something which also shows in his endgames.
Master Class - Anatoly Karpov
Anatoly Karpov is considered by many to be one of the greatest chess players of all time. He was the undisputed World Champion from 1975 to 1985, and also FIDE World Champion from 1993 to 1999. He was ranked the World’s number one player for 90 months – second only to his greatest rival Garry Kasparov – and he won well over a hundred elite tournaments. Karpov possessed a deep positional understanding of the game and a fabulous intuitive feel for positions.
Karpov Move by Move
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Hosted by GM Jesse Kraai
Anatoly Karpov was the 12th world champion and is considered by many to be one of the greatest players of all time. His tournament successes include over 160 first-place finishes. He had a peak Elo rating of 2780, and his 90 total months at world number one is second all-all time just behind Garry Kasparov.
Karpov Endgames - Chess Lecture - Volume 96
Examine the brilliance of Karpov with GM Bryan Smith. Anatoly Karpov was the 12th world champion, and is considered by many to be one of the greatest chess players of all time. Karpov is known for a well rounded style, and as a practical player, strategist and positional player.
Learn from Karpov - Chess Lecture - Volume 93
The 12th World Champion, Anatoly Karpov, has again selected his favorite games of the American World Champion - Robert J. Fischer. Here Karpov discusses some of the games played during the rematch between Robert Fischer and Boris Spassky in 1992.
Bobby Fischer: Karpov on Fischer - VOLUME 3
Continue with Anatoly Karpov in his specially created series of chess DVDs about the games of the American World Champion - Robert J. Fischer. Karpov has personally selected his own favorite Fischer victories, played during the American's historic World Championship Match with Boris Spassky in 1972.
Bobby Fischer: Karpov on Fischer - VOLUME 2
In a remarkable and unprecedented video-publishing endeavor, the 12th World Champion Anatoly Karpov has created a series of chess DVDs concerning the games of the American World Campion - Robert J. Fischer. Karpov has personally selected his own favorite Fischer games, played during the American's ''Quest for the Crown'' and prior to the ultimate showdown with Boris Spassky in 1972.
Bobby Fischer: Karpov on Fischer - VOLUME 1
The Making of a Champion
Anatoly Karpov was World Champion from 1975 to 1985 and is universally regarded as one of the greatest players of all time. Award-winning author Tibor Karolyi explains Karpov's genius with a particular focus on Karpov's unrivaled grasp of strategy. Karolyi has selected Karpov's most entertaining and instructive strategic wins from 1961-1985 as the Russian star proved he was a worthy successor to Bobby Fischer.
Karpov's Strategic Wins - 1961-1985 - VOLUME 1
The Prime Years
Anatoly Karpov was World Champion from 1975 to 1985 and is universally regarded as one of the greatest players of all time. Award-winning author Tibor Károlyi explains Karpovs genius with a particular focus on Karpovs unrivalled grasp of strategy. In this second volume, Károlyi has selected Karpov's most entertaining and instructive strategic wins from 1986-2010 when Karpov was battling with his young rival Garry Kasparov for chess supremacy.
Karpov's Strategic Wins - 1986-2010 - VOLUME 2
Mexico City 2007 World Chess Championship Matches
Elista Diaries is the classic first-hand account of one of the most intensely fought World Chess Championship matches seen for decades. The World Champion and his chief trainer deeply annotate all of the games from the 1996 World Championship Match.