BOBBY FISCHER

    Wherever you go in the world you'll find chess players and wherever you find chess players you'll find people who know of Bobby Fischer, the greatest chess player in the history of America, and without doubt one of the greatest chess players of all-time. Fischer’s adventures, on and off the board, have been chronicled in many chess books and articles.

    Robert James "Bobby" Fischer was born March 9, 1943 in Chicago Illinois, moving to at an early age. Bobby was fascinated with the game of chess even when he was just six years old. In fact he didn’t even want new friends unless they played chess. Fischer quickly made an impression on the local chess community. In the 1954 club championship, he tied for third to fifth-place even though most of his competition was several times his age. It didn't take long for Bobby Fischer to leap into the national tournament scene. In 1955 he participated in the U.S. junior a quite respectable even score considering he was only twelve years old. 

    In 1956 he won the U.S. junior championship in Philadelphia won eight games drawn one end dropping just one. That same year he came to the attention of the entire chess world winning a brilliant game against Donald Byrne at the Rosenwald Memorial in New York City. A year later he not only won the U.S. Junior Championships with eight wins and just one draw, but also won the U.S. Open winning eight games and drawing four. Then  he won the United States championship, held in New York City. 

    Name

    Robert J. "Bobby" Fischer

    Country

    USA

    Born

    March 9, 1943

    Death

    January 17, 2008

    Title

    Grandmaster

    Peak Rating

    2785

    More...


    In 1958 it was time for major international competition and Bobby Fischer was invited to a qualifying stage for the world championship. The tournament, known as an Interzonal, was held in Yugoslavia. He managed a very impressive tie for fifth and sixth place. Then he came back to New York and won the U.S. championship again, something which is going to be quite routine for him. He did it again in 1959 and in 1960 and1962. Bobby won the Interzonal tournament in Stockholm qualifying him to move on to a tournament of world championship candidates in Curacao .He finished fourth in that event, and then went off to win the U.S. championship yet again.

    In 1963 Bobby Fischer achieved a result never matched in the history of American chess. He not only won the United States championship again, he won all 11 games, no draws, no defeats! To win a 12 player tournament with a perfect score is an almost impossible achievement, especially when all of the opponents are qualified chess masters.

    It was time to make a serious bid for the world championship. In 1966 he took on many of the world's top players in the famous Piatigorski Cup in Santa Monica , California .He finished second there, then dominated the chess Olympiad in Havana  scoring 14 wins, two draws and only single loss. Then it was off to win yet another United States championship in New York so the stage was sacked for him to participate in a qualifying stage is for the 1969 world championship. That started with the Interzonal tournament in Sousse , Tunisia .Things were going quite well but after winning seven games and drawing three Bobby withdrew from the event.

    Fortunately, in 1970 he was able to participate in the Interzonal tournament in, Palma de Mallorca, Spain. He tore through the field winning 15 games, drawing seven and losing only won two to take first-place. Now he had to defeat three of the world's strong chess players in individual matches before he could challenge World Champion Boris Spassky.. Bobby Fischer not only achieved the goal, but he did so in a way that has never been duplicated an almost certainly never will. He smashed Mark Taimanov, a top Russian player, 6-0 with no draws. That remarkable achievement was followed by shutting out Bent Larson, the highly talented Danish player, by the same score. Against Tigran Petrosian, the world champion who held the title until Spassky took it away, he did lose one game, but won five and drew three to easily take the match. The stage was set for the dramatic confrontation between the famous Russian Boris Spassky world champion from Communist Soviet Union and Bobby Fischer the brash, unpredictable American.

    When Bobby defeated Spassky by winning seven drawing 11 and losing three, he drew attention from the entire world. The Communist side in the Cold War considered themselves invulnerable at the chess board. A single American smashed all that and although Russia has continued to more or less dominate the world chess scene, the domination could never again be complete. Of the first ten world champions, the Soviet Union had produced five in a row. The defeat was a major psychological blow to the Soviet government. Bobby Fischer had clobbered the Soviet “army”.

    In a dispute over regulations for his title defense, Bobby Fischer had the title taken away from him by the World Chess Federation. He did not show up to defend his title and so it went to the winner of the Candidates’ match between two Russian players, with Anatoly Karpov becoming the twelfth world champion. Unfortunately Karpov never played Fischer. Bobby went into self-imposed exile from the game, not to play chess for 20 years. When he was an active player he stuck to a fairly narrow set of chess openings, being an advocate of the Ruy Lopez as White and Najdorf Sicilian as Black.

    In 1992, Bobby did play a match against his old nemesis Boris Spassky and defeated him handily. He didn’t play another serious game, and died in exile in Iceland, site of his greatest triumph, in 2008.

    Year of Publication
    1982 2014 1982 to 2014
    Author(s)
    1. Al Lawrence (1)
    2. Alan S. Russell (1)
    3. Andrew Soltis (1)
    4. Arnold Denker (1)
    5. Bobby Fischer (5)
    6. Brad Darrach (1)
    7. Bruce Pandolfini (1)
    8. David Edmonds (1)
    9. David Levy (1)
    10. Donn Mosenfelder (1)
    11. Elie Agur (1)
    12. Frank Brady (1)
    13. Garry Kasparov (2)
    14. Gedeon Barcza (1)
    15. Hans Bohm (1)
    16. Harry Benson (1)
    17. Helgi Olafsson (1)
    18. Ivo Nei (1)
    19. John Eidinow (1)
    20. Karsten Muller (1)
    21. Kees Jongkind (1)
    22. Kevin J. O'Connell (1)
    23. Larry Parr (1)
    24. Lev Alburt (1)
    25. Lou Hayes (1)
    26. Max Euwe (2)
    27. Paul Powell (1)
    28. Renzo Verwer (1)
    29. Reuben Fine (1)
    30. Richard Roberts (1)
    31. Robert Byrne (1)
    32. Robert E. Burger (1)
    33. Robert G. Wade (2)
    34. Samuel Reshevsky (1)
    35. Samuel Reshevsky (1)
    36. Stuart Marquilies (1)
    37. Svetozar Gligoric (1)
    Show Less Show More
    Chess Notation Type
    1. FAN - Figurine (6)
    2. AN - Algebraic (6)
    3. DN - Descriptive (15)
    4. NL - Notationless (6)
    Popular Book Series
    1. My Great Predecessors (2)
    Host
    1. GM Anatoly Karpov (3)
    2. GM Karsten Muller (1)
    3. GM Roman Dzinzichashvili (2)
    4. GM Susan Polgar (2)
    Page:
    1. 1
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    Items 37 to 45 of 45

      Bobby Fischer - 60 More Memorable Games
      National Master Paul Powell explores the games of Bobby Fischer from a unique point of view. Focusing on his own personal journey and taking up the mission statement of his bestselling book “Chess Patzer to Master - How an Everyday Joe Does it” he continues the battle to help the average player become a chess master.
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      Bobby Fischer - 60 More Memorable Games

      Catalog Code: B0076OB
      Our Price: $24.95

      E-DVD WINNING CHESS THE EASY WAY - VOLUME 5 - Bobby Fischer's Most Brilliant Instructional Games and Combinations
      Susan Polgar will share with you her personal knowledge of Bobby Fischer. Susan answers some of the questions everyone wants to know like who would have won the Fischer vs. Karpov match in 1975; the impact Fischer had on chess; what she learned from Bobby and how he compares with today's best.
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      E-DVD WINNING CHESS THE EASY WAY - VOLUME 5 - Bobby Fischer's Most Brilliant Instructional Games and Combinations

      Catalog Code: E-DVD0005SP
      Our Price: $19.95

      E-DVD ROMAN'S LAB - VOLUME 55 - A Tribute to Bobby Fischer
      This DVD is Grandmaster Roman Dzindzichashvili's tribute to "the greatest pure chess genius of all time" ---Robert J. "Bobby" Fischer.
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      E-DVD ROMAN'S LAB - VOLUME 55 - A Tribute to Bobby Fischer

      Catalog Code: E-DVD0055RM
      Our Price: $14.95

      Fischer Spassky
      Report On the Chess Match of the Century
      AT LAST- after cancellations, protests, demands, disappearances, apologies, reporter limitations, referee uncertaincies, chessboard glares, unsuitable chairs and disputes about lighting, noise, and player and audience distance were resolved-at last Bobby Fischer was in Iceland and ready to play. Jully 11, 1972, the Green Day, had arrived at last...
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      Fischer Spassky

      Report On the Chess Match of the Century
      Catalog Code: B0240IS
      Our Price: $25.95

      Both Sides of the Chessboard
      An Analysis of the Fischer / Spassky Chess Match
      An analysis of the 1972 World Championship Chess Match from both sides of the chessboard - a Russian and an American analysis.
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      Both Sides of the Chessboard

      An Analysis of the Fischer / Spassky Chess Match
      Catalog Code: B0241IS
      Our Price: $25.95

      Bobby Fischer and His Predeccessors
      in the World Chess Championship
      The distinguished author, himself a past world champion and President of FIDE, analyzes aspects of Fischer's play in comparison with previous holders of the title Alekhine, Botvinnik, Capablanca, Euwe, Lasker, Petrosian, Smyslov, Spassky, Tal. He examines the relevance of the respective ELO ratings of the earlier champions and provides more specific evidence for considering the true status of Fischer among the champions.
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      Bobby Fischer and His Predeccessors

      in the World Chess Championship
      Catalog Code: B0232IS
      Our Price: $25.95

      1958 interzonal Chess Tournament Portoroz
      The 1958 Interzonal Chess Tournament in Portoroz was one of the most important and strongest tournaments in chess history, and is still regularly discussed in chess circles today. This is the tournament where the 15-year-old Bobby Fischer earned the grandmaster title and first became a contender for the World Chess Championship. It is also the tournament where Mikhail Tal finally got his first chance to compete in a grandmaster tournament outside of the Soviet Union, and started one of the longest non-losing streaks in chess history on his march to the World Chess Championship.
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      1958 interzonal Chess Tournament Portoroz

      Catalog Code: B0212IS
      Our Price: $14.95

      Chess - The Fischer-Spassky Games
      Of the World Chess Championship
      This is the authoritative book on the famous 1972 Fischer Spassky Match, and the book by the strongest player to write about the match. An appendix at the end contains all 20 games of the match in Algebraic Notation plus the concluding diagram for each game. Also added the five games Fischer played against Spassky before the match, which had resulted in the lopsided score of three wins by Spassky and two draws, with no wins by Fischer.
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      Chess - The Fischer-Spassky Games

      Of the World Chess Championship
      Catalog Code: B0189IS
      Our Price: $14.95

    Page:
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    Items 37 to 45 of 45

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