BOBBY FISCHER

Wherever you go in the world you'll find chess players and wherever you find chess players you'll find people who know of Bobby Fischer, the greatest chess player in the history of America, and without doubt one of the greatest chess players of all-time. Fischer’s adventures, on and off the board, have been chronicled in many chess books and articles.

Robert James "Bobby" Fischer was born March 9, 1943 in Chicago Illinois, moving to at an early age. Bobby was fascinated with the game of chess even when he was just six years old. In fact he didn’t even want new friends unless they played chess. Fischer quickly made an impression on the local chess community. In the 1954 club championship, he tied for third to fifth-place even though most of his competition was several times his age. It didn't take long for Bobby Fischer to leap into the national tournament scene. In 1955 he participated in the U.S. junior a quite respectable even score considering he was only twelve years old. 

In 1956 he won the U.S. junior championship in Philadelphia won eight games drawn one end dropping just one. That same year he came to the attention of the entire chess world winning a brilliant game against Donald Byrne at the Rosenwald Memorial in New York City. A year later he not only won the U.S. Junior Championships with eight wins and just one draw, but also won the U.S. Open winning eight games and drawing four. Then  he won the United States championship, held in New York City. 

Name

Robert J. "Bobby" Fischer

Country

USA

Born

March 9, 1943

Death

January 17, 2008

Title

Grandmaster

Peak Rating

2785

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In 1958 it was time for major international competition and Bobby Fischer was invited to a qualifying stage for the world championship. The tournament, known as an Interzonal, was held in Yugoslavia. He managed a very impressive tie for fifth and sixth place. Then he came back to New York and won the U.S. championship again, something which is going to be quite routine for him. He did it again in 1959 and in 1960 and1962. Bobby won the Interzonal tournament in Stockholm qualifying him to move on to a tournament of world championship candidates in Curacao .He finished fourth in that event, and then went off to win the U.S. championship yet again.

In 1963 Bobby Fischer achieved a result never matched in the history of American chess. He not only won the United States championship again, he won all 11 games, no draws, no defeats! To win a 12 player tournament with a perfect score is an almost impossible achievement, especially when all of the opponents are qualified chess masters.

It was time to make a serious bid for the world championship. In 1966 he took on many of the world's top players in the famous Piatigorski Cup in Santa Monica , California .He finished second there, then dominated the chess Olympiad in Havana  scoring 14 wins, two draws and only single loss. Then it was off to win yet another United States championship in New York so the stage was sacked for him to participate in a qualifying stage is for the 1969 world championship. That started with the Interzonal tournament in Sousse , Tunisia .Things were going quite well but after winning seven games and drawing three Bobby withdrew from the event.

Fortunately, in 1970 he was able to participate in the Interzonal tournament in, Palma de Mallorca, Spain. He tore through the field winning 15 games, drawing seven and losing only won two to take first-place. Now he had to defeat three of the world's strong chess players in individual matches before he could challenge World Champion Boris Spassky.. Bobby Fischer not only achieved the goal, but he did so in a way that has never been duplicated an almost certainly never will. He smashed Mark Taimanov, a top Russian player, 6-0 with no draws. That remarkable achievement was followed by shutting out Bent Larson, the highly talented Danish player, by the same score. Against Tigran Petrosian, the world champion who held the title until Spassky took it away, he did lose one game, but won five and drew three to easily take the match. The stage was set for the dramatic confrontation between the famous Russian Boris Spassky world champion from Communist Soviet Union and Bobby Fischer the brash, unpredictable American.

When Bobby defeated Spassky by winning seven drawing 11 and losing three, he drew attention from the entire world. The Communist side in the Cold War considered themselves invulnerable at the chess board. A single American smashed all that and although Russia has continued to more or less dominate the world chess scene, the domination could never again be complete. Of the first ten world champions, the Soviet Union had produced five in a row. The defeat was a major psychological blow to the Soviet government. Bobby Fischer had clobbered the Soviet “army”.

In a dispute over regulations for his title defense, Bobby Fischer had the title taken away from him by the World Chess Federation. He did not show up to defend his title and so it went to the winner of the Candidates’ match between two Russian players, with Anatoly Karpov becoming the twelfth world champion. Unfortunately Karpov never played Fischer. Bobby went into self-imposed exile from the game, not to play chess for 20 years. When he was an active player he stuck to a fairly narrow set of chess openings, being an advocate of the Ruy Lopez as White and Najdorf Sicilian as Black.

In 1992, Bobby did play a match against his old nemesis Boris Spassky and defeated him handily. He didn’t play another serious game, and died in exile in Iceland, site of his greatest triumph, in 2008.

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  1. Remove This Item Manufacturer: Ishi Press
Year of Publication
2008 2014 2008 to 2008
Author(s)
  1. Alan S. Russell (1)
  2. Arnold Denker (1)
  3. Bobby Fischer (3)
  4. Brad Darrach (1)
  5. David Levy (1)
  6. Donn Mosenfelder (1)
  7. Gedeon Barcza (1)
  8. Ivo Nei (1)
  9. Kevin J. O'Connell (1)
  10. Larry Parr (1)
  11. Max Euwe (2)
  12. Reuben Fine (1)
  13. Richard Roberts (1)
  14. Robert Byrne (1)
  15. Robert G. Wade (2)
  16. Samuel Reshevsky (1)
  17. Samuel Reshevsky (1)
  18. Stuart Marquilies (1)
  19. Svetozar Gligoric (1)
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Chess Notation Type
  1. AN - Algebraic (1)
  2. DN - Descriptive (14)
  3. NL - Notationless (2)

    The Complete Games of Bobby Fischer
    As a massive work of reference to Fischer's chess science and technique, and as a tribute to the delights of Fischer's aesthetic prowess, this book can hardly be excelled. Meticulously documented, indexed and copiously illustrated. New Statesman Bobby Fischer became the youngest U.S. champion at the age of fourteen and later went on to defeat Boris Spassky in a titanic match for the world championship at Reykjavik in 1972, becoming the highest rated player of all time.
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    The Complete Games of Bobby Fischer

    Catalog Code: B0002IS
    Our Price: $29.95

    Bobby Fischer vs. The Rest of the World
    In 1972, an epic chess match took place in Iceland between representatives of the two great super-powers of the world: Bobby vs. Boris. Boris was backed by the Mighty Soviet Union, with late night phone calls coming from his handlers in Moscow, telling him what his next move should be.
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    Bobby Fischer vs. The Rest of the World

    Catalog Code: B0006IS
    Our Price: $29.95

    Bobby Fischer Teaches Chess
    Learn to Think the Way Bobby Does
    Learn to think the same way Bobby Fischer did. This is the fastest, most efficient, most enjoyable book on chess ever compiled. As the student, you start at the beginning and progressively develop your skills as you apply Bobby Fischer's principles and learn how to play Chess the Bobby way.
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    Bobby Fischer Teaches Chess

    Learn to Think the Way Bobby Does
    Catalog Code: B0007IS
    Our Price: $25.95

    My 60 Memorable Games
    Descriptive Edition
    This is an exact reproduction of the original 1969 classic work, My 60 Memorable Games by Bobby Fischer. Unfortunately, there have been many efforts by other authors and contributors to "improve" on Fischer's work by converting the text into algebraic notation and then correcting what they thought were mistakes in analysis. It turned out that what they thought were mistakes by Fischer were mistakes by themselves. Fischer's analysis was correct. Their's was wrong. As a result, Fischer famously went on the radio to denounce those who claimed to have "improved" on his work.
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    My 60 Memorable Games

    Descriptive Edition
    Catalog Code: B0013IS
    Our Price: $26.95

    Bobby Fischer's Conquest of the World Chess Championship
    The Psychology and Tactics of the Title Match
    Reuben Fine was both one of the world's strongest grandmasters of chess and one of the world's leading authorities on psychoanalysis. In this book, he combines the two disciplines. This Fischer-Spassky book is really three books in one.
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    Bobby Fischer's Conquest of the World Chess Championship

    The Psychology and Tactics of the Title Match
    Catalog Code: B0031IS
    Our Price: $25.95

    Bobby Fischer's Games of Chess
    The First Collection of Celebrated Tournament Games Played by Bobby Fischer
    This is the only book ever written entirely by Bobby Fischer. It is not to be confused with other books with similar names that were written by other authors. Here is the blurb on the original dust jacket, as published in 1959: THERE ARE 34 games in this book.
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    Bobby Fischer's Games of Chess

    The First Collection of Celebrated Tournament Games Played by Bobby Fischer
    Catalog Code: B0032IS
    Our Price: $25.95

    How Fischer Plays Chess
    A study and analysis of the games of Bobby Fischer, the greatest chess player the world has ever known.
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    How Fischer Plays Chess

    Catalog Code: B0040IS
    Our Price: $26.95

    The Bobby Fischer I Knew
    And Other Stories
    The Bobby Fischer I knew and other stories is hailed as an instant classic. This Damon-Runyan like work will be around well into the 21st Century. To inform future generations about such greats as Bobby Fischer and World Champion Garry Kasparov as well as the "Guys and Dolls" of the New York Chess scene during the fabled Golden Era of the 1930s and 1940s. In the introduction, five time U.S. Chess Champion writes that the authors capture "some of the most raucous and colorful figures in 20th century chess" with a "Dickensian precision".
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    The Bobby Fischer I Knew

    And Other Stories
    Catalog Code: B0059IS
    Our Price: $26.95

    The Games of Robert J. Fischer
    he Games of Robert J. Fischer contains every serious traceable game of chess by Bobby Fischer from 1955 until his death in 2008. An appendix has been added to the original volume to include, in algebraic notation with diagrams, all 20 games actually played in the epic battle of Bobby Fischer vs. Boris Spassky in 1972 in Reykjavik, Iceland and all 30 games in their return match in Montenegro and Yugoslavia in 1992.
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    The Games of Robert J. Fischer

    Catalog Code: B0063IS
    Our Price: $29.95

    Bobby Fischer - The Greatest?
    This is a book in Descriptive Chess Notation of great importance not only because of the question it addresses, but because of who asks and then answers that question. Dr. Max Euwe, who was world chess champion from 1935 to 1937, compares and contrasts Bobby Fischer with the three greatest players before him, world champions Lasker, Capablanca and Alekhine.
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    Bobby Fischer - The Greatest?

    Catalog Code: B0108IS
    Our Price: $25.95

    Fischer vs. Spassky
    The Chess Match of the Century
    The World Chess Championship Match 1972 The chess match of the century has finally taken place and chess masters throughout the world have already agreed that some of the games are among the greatest that have ever been played.
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    Fischer vs. Spassky

    The Chess Match of the Century
    Catalog Code: B0168IS
    Our Price: $19.95

    Chess - The Fischer-Spassky Games
    Of the World Chess Championship
    This is the authoritative book on the famous 1972 Fischer Spassky Match, and the book by the strongest player to write about the match. An appendix at the end contains all 20 games of the match in Algebraic Notation plus the concluding diagram for each game. Also added the five games Fischer played against Spassky before the match, which had resulted in the lopsided score of three wins by Spassky and two draws, with no wins by Fischer.
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    Chess - The Fischer-Spassky Games

    Of the World Chess Championship
    Catalog Code: B0189IS
    Our Price: $14.95

    1958 interzonal Chess Tournament Portoroz
    The 1958 Interzonal Chess Tournament in Portoroz was one of the most important and strongest tournaments in chess history, and is still regularly discussed in chess circles today. This is the tournament where the 15-year-old Bobby Fischer earned the grandmaster title and first became a contender for the World Chess Championship. It is also the tournament where Mikhail Tal finally got his first chance to compete in a grandmaster tournament outside of the Soviet Union, and started one of the longest non-losing streaks in chess history on his march to the World Chess Championship.
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    1958 interzonal Chess Tournament Portoroz

    Catalog Code: B0212IS
    Our Price: $14.95

    Bobby Fischer and His Predeccessors
    in the World Chess Championship
    The distinguished author, himself a past world champion and President of FIDE, analyzes aspects of Fischer's play in comparison with previous holders of the title Alekhine, Botvinnik, Capablanca, Euwe, Lasker, Petrosian, Smyslov, Spassky, Tal. He examines the relevance of the respective ELO ratings of the earlier champions and provides more specific evidence for considering the true status of Fischer among the champions.
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    Bobby Fischer and His Predeccessors

    in the World Chess Championship
    Catalog Code: B0232IS
    Our Price: $25.95

    Both Sides of the Chessboard
    An Analysis of the Fischer / Spassky Chess Match
    An analysis of the 1972 World Championship Chess Match from both sides of the chessboard - a Russian and an American analysis.
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    Both Sides of the Chessboard

    An Analysis of the Fischer / Spassky Chess Match
    Catalog Code: B0241IS
    Our Price: $25.95

    Fischer Spassky
    Report On the Chess Match of the Century
    AT LAST- after cancellations, protests, demands, disappearances, apologies, reporter limitations, referee uncertaincies, chessboard glares, unsuitable chairs and disputes about lighting, noise, and player and audience distance were resolved-at last Bobby Fischer was in Iceland and ready to play. Jully 11, 1972, the Green Day, had arrived at last...
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    Fischer Spassky

    Report On the Chess Match of the Century
    Catalog Code: B0240IS
    Our Price: $25.95

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