Gary Kimovich Kasparov was the thirteenth World Chess Champion and is considered by many to be greatest players of all time. He was born on April 13, 1963 in Baku, Azerbaijan in what was at that time the Soviet Union. The son of a Russian Jewish father who died when he was just seven, Gary was predominantly raised by his Armenian mother. Chess was and remains incredibly popular in the former Soviet Union and Gary would solve chess puzzles at a young age. Displaying a natural gift for the game, Kasparov was taken to Mikhail Botvinnik's chess school where, at the age of ten, he began studying under the tutelage of Russian chess trainers.
In 1976 at the age of 13 Kasparov won the Soviet Junior Championship scoring 7 out of 9 points. He would win the Junior Championship the following year with a score of 8 ½ out of 9. 1978 was a big year for the 15 year old Kasparov who would surprise everyone by winning the strong Sokolosky Memorial tournament in Minsk. It was at tournament that Kasparov was awarded the title of chess master. This would be a defining moment in the young Kasparov's career that would encourage him to pursue a chess world championship. Later that year, he competed in the Soviet Chess Championship he had qualified for. He would win the event, becoming the youngest player ever to do so.
Kasparov would explode onto the international chess scene when he played in the Banja Luka Grandmaster Tournament in 1979. Serving as a replacement for the legendary Viktor Korchnoi, he would go on to win the tournament that featured some of the world's strongest Grandmasters. The following year Kasparov would represent the Soviet Union at the Chess Olympiad. He would help win the gold medal for his team and country. He would also attain the title of International Grandmaster. Over the next few years Kasparov would continue to compete with impressive results in strong tournaments. At age 19 he had qualified for the Candidates Tournament; the youngest player to do so since Bobby Fischer (15). By the start of 1984, Gary Kasparov would be the highest rated player in the world (2710), making him the youngest No. 1 ranked player ever. Later in 1984 he defeated former World Champion, Vasily Smyslov in the Candidates final earning the right to play Anatoly Karpov for the World Championship.
Gary Kimovich Kasparov
April 13, 1963
The World Championship Match of 1984 would become a controversial war of attrition. After being down 5 to 0 with dozens of draws, Kasparov would fight back to a 5-3 score. The match was then controversially ended by FIDE president, Florencio Campomanes, who cited that the players' health were at risk due to the extreme length of the match. The two greats would once again play for the title in 1985, with Kasparov winning a close match by a score of 13 to11. Gary Kasparov thus became the youngest World Chess Champion in history at the age of 22. Kasparov and Karpov played a rematch the very next year. Again Kasparov would narrowly defend his title 12 ½ to 11 ½ . Once again the two played in 1987 with Kasparov again barely holding on to the title in a 12 to 12 tie. Kasparov vs. Karpov would become possibly the greatest rivalry in chess history. Both players had contrasting styles and personalities, yet were very evenly matched. Each defined the others career. The two would play once more in 1990, once again the result would be 12 ½ to 11 ½ in favor of Kasparov.
Gary Kasparov's reign as champion also saw politically and financially motivated divisions in the chess world. Kasparov would split from FIDE creating a fracture of the World Chess Championship Title. In 1993 he would crush English GM Nigel Short 12 ½ to 7 ½ for the PCA World Chess Championship, while Karpov was declared FIDE champ. In 1995 he would face future world champion, Indian GM Vishwanathan Anand. Kasparov again won convincingly 10 ½ to 7 1/12 at the World Chess Championship at the World Trade Center, the last to be held by PCA. In 2000 Gary Kasparov would face his former student and one of the games strongest promising young players, Vladimir Kramnik. Kramnik was well prepared for the match and was able to defeat his former mentor by a score of 8 ½ to 6 ½. Kasparov had lost two games and did not even win a single game in the match. His long reign as World Champion was over. A big part of Kasparov's legacy was his longevity in the sport. He was at or near the top of the chess world for nearly 30 years. Incredibly he was the #1 rated player in the world from 1986 until his retirement in 2006. He would even retire as the world #1 with a rating of 2812.
Perhaps Gary Kasparov will best be known for playing against chess computers. Kasparov repeatedly defeated the world's best computer chess programs. Kasparov made Worldwide Headlines in when he lost 3 ½ to 2 ½ in a controversial match versus IBM's Deep Blue. After the match Deep Blue was dismantled and Kasparov accused IBM of foul play. Kasparaov would eventually play against some other computer programs. Each match ended with a draw. Gary Kasparov was not only the greatest player in the world, but was representing humankind versus "the machines". More recently Kasparov has dabbled in Russian politics, including a stint at running for President of Russia in 2007. Although he has retired from competitive chess, Kasparov's aggressive style and dominance is the stuff of chess legend.
Some famous Gary Kasparov Quotes:
"Chess is mental torture"
"Chess is a unique cognitive nexus, a place where art and science come together in the human mind and are refined and improved by experience"
"Throughout my chess career I sought out new challenges, looking for things no one has done before.
"If you wish to succeed you must brave the risk of failure"
"The future of chess lies in the hands of this young man" -Mikhail Botvinik (speaking of Kasparov at age 11)
"Kasparov and I have nothing in common. For me chess was the end, for him it has merely been the means" – Anatoly Karpov
This book brings together the two greatest names in the history of chess. The author, Garry Kasparov, is the world number one and, by common consent, the greatest player ever. The subject of the book, Bobby Fischer, is the only American to have become world champion and is probably the greatest natural talent the world has ever seen.
Garry Kasparov on My Great Predecessors - VOLUME IV
Korchoi and Karpov
This book, the fifth in Garry Kasparov's magnificent history of the World Chess Championship, catalogues the ''post-Fischer'' period in the 1970's and early 1980's. This period was dominated by Anatoly Karpov (world champion from 1975-1985) and his three-time challenger, Viktor Korchnoi. Anatoly Karpov gained the right to challenge Bobby Fischer for the world title by winning through the Candidates series in 1974. As is well known, Fischer refused to defend the title and in 1975 Karpov became champion by default. Although he did not have to contest a Championship match to gain the title, Karpov proved that he was a worthy champion by winning virtually every major tournament over the next decade.
Garry Kasparov on My Great Predecessors - VOLUME V
By the age of 12 Garry was the Junior Champion of the mighty USSR, the youngest ever. Back then fashion bowed to the immaculate safety-first style of the reigning titan Anatoly Karpov. Along came young Kasparov, raging onto the scene and riding some new contraption called glasnost.
Gary Kasparov: My Story - VOLUME 1
Garry Kasparov is arguably the greatest chess player who has ever lived. In 1997 he played a chess match against IBM's computer Deep Blue. Kasparov lost the match. This film shows the match and the events surrounding it from Kasparov's perspective. It delves into the psychological aspects of the game, paranoia surrounding it and suspicions that have arisen around IBM's true tactics. It consists of interviews with Kasparov, his manager, chess experts, and members of the IBM Deep Blue team, as well as original footage of the match itself.
MOVIE - Game Over - Kasparov and the Machine
Kasparov versus Deep Blue
This book tells the full story of this historic encounter, from the personalities, hype and controversies to the debates over computer intelligence and the future of chess. Every game is analyzed in detail and the earlier 1989 and 1996 matches between the two contestants are reviewed.
Man versus Machine
The series in itself is a continuation of Kasparov's mammoth history of chess, comprising My Great Predecessors and Modern Chess. Kasparov's historical volumes have received great critical and public acclaim for their rigorous analysis and comprehensive detail regarding the developments in chess that occurred both on and off the board.
Garry Kasparov on Garry Kasparov - PART 1
Kasparov vs. Karpov 1988-2009
Between 1984 and 1990 Garry Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov contested five long matches for the World Championship. This fourth volume of the series 'Garry Kasparov on Modern Chess' concentrates on all the games played between the two from 1988 to the present day and features their fifth World Championship match played in New York and Lyon 1990.
Garry Kasparov on Modern Chess - VOLUME IV
Would you now like to know how to regularly beat your opponents and move to the next level? If so, then Checkmate Tactics is the book for you.
CLEARANCE - Checkmate! Tactics
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Kasparov vs. Karpov 1986-1987
Garry Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov are unquestionably the participants who featured in the greatest ever chess rivalry. Between 1984 and 1990 they contested five long matches for the World Championship. This 3rd volume of the 'Garry Kasparov on Modern Chess' series concentrates on the third and fourth matches in this sequence: London/Leningrad 1986 and Seville 1987. Both matches were tremendously exciting and hard fought and both produced chess of an extremely high level.
CLEARANCE - Garry Kasparov on Modern Chess - VOLUME III
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Learn to play the great game of chess with none other than Garry Kasparov, the World number one and the most famous figure in chess history, as your teacher. Discover all the various pieces - the king, the queen, the knights, the bishops and the pawns. Find out how the pieces move, the values of the chessmen, how to attack and how to defend, how to capture, how to employ special moves such as castling, how to write the moves down and, crucially, how to give check and deliver checkmate.
Checkmate My First Chess Book
Kasparov vs. Karpov - 1975-1985
This volume concentrates on the first two of those matches. The epic 1984/85 contest which was lasted six months before being controversially halted ''without result'' by the then President of FIDE Florencio Campomanes. The 1985 match when Kasparov brilliantly won the final game to take the title and become - at the age of 22 - the youngest ever world champion. Great chess contests have often had resonances extending beyond the 64 squares. The Fischer v Spassky match was played during the Cold War with both champions being perceived as the finest products of their respective ideologies.
Garry Kasparov on Modern Chess - VOLUME II
Revolution in the 1970s
This book is the first in a brand new series that follows on from My Great Predecessors and sees chess legend Garry Kasparov reflecting on a pivotal time in chess history. Bobby Fischer's spurt towards the chess summit (1970-1972) marked the approach of a new era affecting all aspects of the game and opening theory in particular.
Garry Kasparov on Modern Chess - VOLUME I
Includes All 3 Books
Few materials exist to help the classroom teacher who has never played chess or knows only some chess. This manual was designed to address this deficiency. It is written in a manner that allows the teacher to see how to present the material in his or her classroom. This manual will lead a group of beginning students from the rudiments of chess rules to the ability of playing a full game in a competent manner.
Teaching Chess - Step By Step - The Complete Collection