GARRY KASPAROV

Gary Kimovich Kasparov was the thirteenth World Chess Champion and is considered by many to be greatest players of all time. He was born on April 13, 1963 in Baku, Azerbaijan in what was at that time the Soviet Union. The son of a Russian Jewish father who died when he was just seven, Gary was predominantly raised by his Armenian mother. Chess was and remains incredibly popular in the former Soviet Union and Gary would solve chess puzzles at a young age. Displaying a natural gift for the game, Kasparov was taken to Mikhail Botvinnik's chess school where, at the age of ten, he began studying under the tutelage of Russian chess trainers.

In 1976 at the age of 13 Kasparov won the Soviet Junior Championship scoring 7 out of 9 points. He would win the Junior Championship the following year with a score of 8 ½ out of 9. 1978 was a big year for the 15 year old Kasparov who would surprise everyone by winning the strong Sokolosky Memorial tournament in Minsk. It was at tournament that Kasparov was awarded the title of chess master. This would be a defining moment in the young Kasparov's career that would encourage him to pursue a chess world championship. Later that year, he competed in the Soviet Chess Championship he had qualified for. He would win the event, becoming the youngest player ever to do so.

Kasparov would explode onto the international chess scene when he played in the Banja Luka Grandmaster Tournament in 1979. Serving as a replacement for the legendary Viktor Korchnoi, he would go on to win the tournament that featured some of the world's strongest Grandmasters. The following year Kasparov would represent the Soviet Union at the Chess Olympiad. He would help win the gold medal for his team and country. He would also attain the title of International Grandmaster. Over the next few years Kasparov would continue to compete with impressive results in strong tournaments. At age 19 he had qualified for the Candidates Tournament; the youngest player to do so since Bobby Fischer (15). By the start of 1984, Gary Kasparov would be the highest rated player in the world (2710), making him the youngest No. 1 ranked player ever. Later in 1984 he defeated former World Champion, Vasily Smyslov in the Candidates final earning the right to play Anatoly Karpov for the World Championship.

Name

Gary Kimovich Kasparov

Country

Azerbaijan

Born

April 13, 1963

Death

Title

Grandmaster

Peak Rating

2812

More...


The World Championship Match of 1984 would become a controversial war of attrition. After being down 5 to 0 with dozens of draws, Kasparov would fight back to a 5-3 score. The match was then controversially ended by FIDE president, Florencio Campomanes, who cited that the players' health were at risk due to the extreme length of the match. The two greats would once again play for the title in 1985, with Kasparov winning a close match by a score of 13 to11. Gary Kasparov thus became the youngest World Chess Champion in history at the age of 22. Kasparov and Karpov played a rematch the very next year. Again Kasparov would narrowly defend his title 12 ½ to 11 ½ . Once again the two played in 1987 with Kasparov again barely holding on to the title in a 12 to 12 tie. Kasparov vs. Karpov would become possibly the greatest rivalry in chess history. Both players had contrasting styles and personalities, yet were very evenly matched. Each defined the others career. The two would play once more in 1990, once again the result would be 12 ½ to 11 ½ in favor of Kasparov.

Gary Kasparov's reign as champion also saw politically and financially motivated divisions in the chess world. Kasparov would split from FIDE creating a fracture of the World Chess Championship Title. In 1993 he would crush English GM Nigel Short 12 ½ to 7 ½ for the PCA World Chess Championship, while Karpov was declared FIDE champ. In 1995 he would face future world champion, Indian GM Vishwanathan Anand. Kasparov again won convincingly 10 ½ to 7 1/12 at the World Chess Championship at the World Trade Center, the last to be held by PCA. In 2000 Gary Kasparov would face his former student and one of the games strongest promising young players, Vladimir Kramnik. Kramnik was well prepared for the match and was able to defeat his former mentor by a score of 8 ½ to 6 ½. Kasparov had lost two games and did not even win a single game in the match. His long reign as World Champion was over. A big part of Kasparov's legacy was his longevity in the sport. He was at or near the top of the chess world for nearly 30 years. Incredibly he was the #1 rated player in the world from 1986 until his retirement in 2006. He would even retire as the world #1 with a rating of 2812.

Perhaps Gary Kasparov will best be known for playing against chess computers. Kasparov repeatedly defeated the world's best computer chess programs. Kasparov made Worldwide Headlines in when he lost 3 ½ to 2 ½ in a controversial match versus IBM's Deep Blue. After the match Deep Blue was dismantled and Kasparov accused IBM of foul play. Kasparaov would eventually play against some other computer programs. Each match ended with a draw. Gary Kasparov was not only the greatest player in the world, but was representing humankind versus "the machines". More recently Kasparov has dabbled in Russian politics, including a stint at running for President of Russia in 2007. Although he has retired from competitive chess, Kasparov's aggressive style and dominance is the stuff of chess legend.

Some famous Gary Kasparov Quotes:
"Chess is mental torture"

"Chess is a unique cognitive nexus, a place where art and science come together in the human mind and are refined and improved by experience"

"Throughout my chess career I sought out new challenges, looking for things no one has done before.

"If you wish to succeed you must brave the risk of failure"

On Kasparov:
"The future of chess lies in the hands of this young man" -Mikhail Botvinik (speaking of Kasparov at age 11)

"Kasparov and I have nothing in common. For me chess was the end, for him it has merely been the means" – Anatoly Karpov



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  1. Remove This Item Year of Publication: 2008 - 2005
Year of Publication
1983 2014 2005 to 2008
Author(s)
  1. Eric Schiller (2)
  2. Eric Schiller (2)
  3. Garry Kasparov (13)
  4. Igor Stohl (1)
  5. Kasparov Chess Foundation (3)
  6. Nick Aplin (1)
  7. Raymond Keene (2)
  8. Ron Henley (1)
  9. Tibor Karolyi (1)
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    Catalog Code: B0370EM
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    The series in itself is a continuation of Kasparov's mammoth history of chess, comprising My Great Predecessors and Modern Chess. Kasparov's historical volumes have received great critical and public acclaim for their rigorous analysis and comprehensive detail regarding the developments in chess that occurred both on and off the board.
    img

    SHOPWORN - Garry Kasparov on Garry Kasparov - PART 1

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    Catalog Code: SWB0335EM

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    Between 1984 and 1990 Garry Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov contested five long matches for the World Championship. This fourth volume of the series 'Garry Kasparov on Modern Chess' concentrates on all the games played between the two from 1988 to the present day and features their fifth World Championship match played in New York and Lyon 1990.
    img

    SHOPWORN - Garry Kasparov on Modern Chess - VOLUME IV

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    Catalog Code: SWB0308EM

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    This volume concentrates on the first two of those matches. The epic 1984/85 contest which was lasted six months before being controversially halted "without result" by the then President of FIDE Florencio Campomanes. The 1985 match when Kasparov brilliantly won the final game to take the title and become - at the age of 22 - the youngest ever world champion. Great chess contests have often had resonances extending beyond the 64 squares. The Fischer v Spassky match was played during the Cold War with both champions being perceived as the finest products of their respective ideologies.
    img

    SHOPWORN - Garry Kasparov on Modern Chess - VOLUME II

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