JOSE RAUL CAPABLANCA

    Jose Raul Capablanca y Graupera was the third World Chess Champion and one of the greatest players of all time. He was born in Havana, Cuba on November 19, 1888. His father was a Spanish military officer. Like many of the game's greatest players, Jose Capablanca was a chess prodigy. He learned chess at the age of four simply by watching his father and his friends play casual games. As legend would have it, the young Capablanca pointed out an illegal move his father made. Embarrassed by his son and doubting the four year old even knew how to play chess, Jose's father challenged him to a game, looking to make a quick example. The young Jose beat his father in both the first game and the subsequent rematch. The young Capablanca was taken to the Havana Chess Club where he frequently played. By the age of 13 he already established himself as the best player in the entire country after defeating the Cuban Champion, Juan Corzo.

    In 1905, Jose Capablanca was accepted into Columbia University. Although only 16 years old when he arrived at Columbia, the multi-talented Capablanca even played Shortstop on the Freshman baseball team. It was at that time that Capablanca began frequenting the Manhattan Chess Club. There his chess abilities would flourish, as it was the gathering place of some of the world's greatest players, like U.S. Champion Frank Marshall and World Champion Emanuel Lasker. Capablanca soon established himself as the club's strongest regular member. He displayed a special ability for rapid-chess and was easily the best blitz-player in the world even at that time. Capablanca was perhaps more than any other player in history "a natural". He seldom studied chess, yet moved quickly and flawlessly. He would soon leave his studies at Columbia to pursue chess full time.

    Capablanca gave hundreds of simultaneous exhibitions leading to a nationwide tour of the United States in 1909. He would play 602 games in 27 cities scoring a winning percentage of 96.4%. Capablanca would go on to play a match vs. then U.S. champion Frank Marshall. The match would result in a crushing victory for Capablanca with a final score of 8 wins, 1 loss and 14 draws. Capablanca began to garner international interest. While many masters opposed his "un-earned" participation, Capablanca played in the San Sebastian Tournament of 1911 at the urging of Frank Marshall. San Sebastian was one of the strongest tournament fields ever assembled. Capablanca would quiet all of the naysayers by winning first place in the tournament. He scored victories against Aaron Nimzowitch, Rudolf Spielman and David Janowski.

    Name

    Jose Raul Capablanca

    Country

    Cuba

    Born

    November 19, 1888

    Death

    March 7, 1942

    Title

    Grandmaster

    Peak Rating

    More...


    Beginning in 1911, Capablanca would repeatedly offer challenges to World Champion Emanuel Lasker. Due to constant disagreement over tournament conditions and stipulations, the two would not play for the championship until 1921. In the meantime, Capablanca continued to play and consistently win, if not finish among the leaders in strong international tournaments. He was afforded this luxury, because he was appointed a job in the Cuban foreign office, a goodwill ambassador of sorts. With his expenses paid, Capablanca had time to focus on chess. Well travelled, young and handsome, Capablanca soon became a chess celebrity. Capablanca eventually played Emanuel Lasker for the World Championship in Havana, Cuba. The match was played in March-April 1921; after 14 games Lasker would concede the match after 4 losses and 10 draws. Perhaps an even more amazing feat was that Capablanca did not lose a single game in any tournament play from 1916-1924, an accomplishment which has never been duplicated. This earned him the nickname the "chess machine". He had an air of invincibility among his peers.

    In 1927, Capablanca was heavily favored against Russian, Alexander Alekhine in their World Championship match held in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Perhaps the Cuban underestimated his equally brilliant opponent. Alekhine had been diligently dissecting Capa's games and was in top physical condition, while Capablanca had little preparation. What would ensue would be one of the greatest chess battles of all time, a "clash of the chess titans". After 34 games Alekhine won the title with 6 wins, 3 losses and 25 draws. Capablanca continued to compete and perform well in tournaments and sought a rematch for the crown, which he was never granted. Discouraged by his inability to secure a rematch verse Alekhine, Capablanca withdrew from competitive chess in 1931. He would make a triumphant return some 3 years later, reasserting himself as one of the game's greatest players.

    Capablanca died on March 7, 1942 after suffering a massive heart attack while at the Manhattan chess Club. He was given a public funeral in Havana and today he is recognized as one of the greatest players of all time. His positional style was fluid and straightforward, and he had the ability to make victory look easy. He was perhaps most renowned for his fantastic endgame technique. His games continue to inspire chess enthusiasts all over the world, and he has achieved legendary status.

    Some famous Capablanca quotes:
    "Chess is something more of a game. It is an intellectual diversion which has certain artistic qualities and many scientific elements."

    "The best way to learn endgames as well as openings is from the games of the masters."

    On Capablanca:
    "Capablanca was snatched too early from the chess world. With his death we have lost a great chess genius, the likes of who we will never see again." – Alexander Alekhine

    "The ideal in chess can only be a collective image, but in my opinion it is Capablanca who most closely approaches this." – Anatoly Karpov



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    1. Remove This Item Year of Publication: 2012 - 2009
    Year of Publication
    1982 2014 2009 to 2012
    Author(s)
    1. Cyrus Lakdawala (1)
    2. Gedeon Barcza (1)
    3. Genna Sosonko (1)
    4. Geza Maroczy (1)
    5. Jose Raul Capablanca (2)
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    Popular Book Series
    1. Move by Move (1)

      Chess Fundamentals
      This is the masterpiece by World Chess Champion Jose Raul Capablanca who is regarded as the strongest chess player who ever lived, prior to the arrival of Bobby Fischer.World Champion Mikhail Botvinnik regarded Capablanca's Chess Fundamentals as the best chess book ever written.
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      Chess Fundamentals

      Catalog Code: B0017IS
      Our Price: $25.95

      Fundamentos Del Ajedrez - SPANISH EDITION
      Tratado de los principios basicos del juego-ciencia, expuestos con notable precision y claridad, y desarrollados y aplicados en una serie de partidas comentadas por el propio campeon.Fundamentos del Ajedrez se publico por primera vez hace trece anos. Desde entonces han aparecidos numerosos articulos bajo el titulo, por lo general, de "teoria hipermoderna del ajedrez".
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      Fundamentos Del Ajedrez - SPANISH EDITION

      Catalog Code: B0018IS
      Our Price: $25.95

      London 1922 & Capablanca-Lasker 1921
      21st Century Edition
      London 1922 is important for all these reasons, but it also served as the setting for the creation of the famous 'London Rules' which would for years govern the way in which prospective challengers to the title would have the right to play the champion. As an added bonus, all fourteen games of the 1921 Capablanca-Lasker title match - with annotations by Capa himself - have been added to this new 21st-century edition.
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      London 1922 & Capablanca-Lasker 1921

      21st Century Edition
      Catalog Code: B0043RE

      Regular Price: $19.95

      Special Price: $7.98


      Capablanca - Move by Move
      Jose Raul Capablanca is a chess legend, world champion and quite simply one of the greatest players in the history of the game. His achievements and seemingly effortless style of play won many admirers, and his legacy includes a treasure of instructive games. Studying Capablanca's play is a must for any aspiring chess player. For Cyrus Lakdawala, it was a key factor in his chess development and improvement, and in this book he revisits many of his favourite Capablanca games.
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      Capablanca - Move by Move

      Catalog Code: B0353EM
      Our Price: $29.95

      The World Champions I Knew
      The legendary chess players that Genna Sosonko brings to life in this new collection of his acclaimed writing have one thing in common: Capablanca, Alekhine, Euwe, Botvinnik, Smyslov, Tal and Petrosian, they were all world champions.
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      The World Champions I Knew

      Catalog Code: B0128NIC
      Our Price: $29.95

      The Immortal Games of Capablanca
      This is the biography of Jose R. Capablanca, famous grandmaster of Chess, with 113 of his greatest games. The fame of the great Cuban Master Chess champion of the world from 1921 to 1927, is ample assurance that this superbly annotated collection of his choicest masterpieces is destined to take its place at once amongst the classics of Chess literature. The book contains many games which have hitherto not been available in book form. The qualities of simplicity and artistry for which Capablanca was famous for in his lifetime will be appreciated by every reader, whether he studies the games for the sheer pleasure of it, of for the purpose of increasing his playing strength.
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      The Immortal Games of Capablanca

      Catalog Code: B0251IS
      Our Price: $19.95

      Die Weltmeister Des Schachspiels 1 von Morphy bis Aljechin - GERMAN EDITION
      World Champions of Chess, Volume 1 - containing biographies and games of Morphy, Anderssen, Steinitz, Lasker, Capablanca and Alekhine
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      Die Weltmeister Des Schachspiels 1 von Morphy bis Aljechin - GERMAN EDITION

      Catalog Code: B0254IS
      Our Price: $25.95

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